On 21 October, the European Committee of the Regions, EUROCITIES, CEMR, PLATFORMA and Regions4 organised a workshop on the role of the SDGs in the crisis recovery.
Estelle Göger, member of Cabinet of Commissioner for Economy, Paolo Gentiloni, represented the European Commission and intervened following a debate with speakers representing the diversity of local and regional authorities in the EU – regions, cities, big and small, south, north, East and West of the EU.
While there is a real risk of a backsliding of the SDGs, in particular at national and EU level, all local and regional speakers confirmed that in their regions and cities, SDGs were more relevant than ever to manage our way out of the pandemic and recover from the crisis.
Mrs Aras, President of the Parliament of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, insisted that the region relies on tried and tested instrument for a sustainable recovery based on SDGs. On the contrary, Mr Rodriguez, Commissioner for the 2030 Agenda, speaking for Barcelona, Spain, explained how the pandemic reshuffled priorities of the city within the SDGs framework. The city issued the Barcelona Pact, Barcelona recovery strategy based on triple sustainability – economic, social and environmental.
All speakers echoed this focus on triple sustainability and the absolute need to operate digital transition to enable it. A strong message was that there is no certainty on how and when the classical services models we rely on will resume (for example tourism, restaurants). It is therefore indispensable to attract new talents and ideas, and rely on SDGs rather than on traditional models. Micke Larsson, Senior Strategist in Aland Islands, Finland, explained the region is using its multi-stakeholders’ platform to gather inputs to formulate its recovery strategy while Barcelona set up a task force and launched on innovation competition to collect ideas from all stakeholders, including citizens and businesses.
Participative approaches, raising awareness, creating ownership among people and organisations are key. Baden-Württemberg insisted on the impact of organising Sustainability Days to mobilise people on SDGs. Likewise, Mrs Soens, Councillor from Korkrjik, Belgium, recalled the impact of a Sustainability Week in the middle of September during the pandemic. She also paid tribute to the support national association of cities such as the VVSG – Flemish Association of Cities provide to smaller cities and their multiplying power to coach numerous cities to localise SDGs.
In the end, SDGs are much more about listening to stakeholders than talking to them. This is about empowerment of individuals and generosity towards others and future generations.
In addition to the confirmation of SDGs as the needed framework for recovery, all speakers agreed that the implementation of SDGs, even at local and regional level, need leadership from the European Commission. It is essential to show people on the ground that their region/city’s strategies operate in a wider EU framework and this is part of a coherent plan at EU level. It is also important to show continuity of action and coherence between policy actions as well as the EU plays its accompanying role for the localisation of SDGs.
The SDGs should have been implemented through their integration within the European Semester, the EU economic coordination mechanisms. However, this year saw a clear focus of the European Semester on the EU recovery fund – the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) – at the detriment of the SDGs. Participants all agreed that for the recovery to be sustainable, both the RRF and the Multiannual Financial Framework should finance sustainable projects and be based on the SDGs. Mrs Göger representing the European Commission recognised that there is a risk of backsliding of SDGs because of the current crisis but also noted that as all speakers reported, SDGs has never been so relevant before.
While SDGs are barely mentioned in the current European Semester process, all underlying initiatives linked to the recovery are linked to SDGs. For example, the Green Deal, the Digital Strategy, the RRF, the Just Transition Mechanism, the Circular Economy Action Plan, the Farm to Fork Strategy and the European Pillar of Social Rights Action Plan.
Mrs Göger recognised that there is undoubtedly an issue in terms of narrative and tagging of SDGs which is absent. However, she argued that in substance, the European Commission is still working on and committed to use the SDGs framework to guide future action.
For instance, to access the RRF 672.50 Billion EUR funding, EU countries will have to detail how they will operate their green and digital transition. The European Commission will have a crucial role in accepting or negotiating the National Recovery and Resilience plans EU countries will submit. This will have to be in line with objectives underpinned in the SDGs.
Mrs Göger hinted that the RRF legislative process is still ongoing and that the lack of visibility of SDGs in the proposal – notably in the reporting of national authorities – could be reflected upon, as should a better tagging of SDGs in the European Semester. She also insisted that the European Commission is supporting a participatory approach notably via its guidelines to EU countries, requesting them to consult local and regional authorities to draw their National Recovery and Resilience Plans, and asking whether and how consultations took place. This is an excellent opportunity as Mr Sinkevicius, Mayor of Jovana, Lithuania, recalled that the pandemic fostered closer links between the national and the local level in his country.
While the online connection with Mrs Göger was interrupted, Bert Kuby for the CoR formulated follow-up remarks such the importance of not only tagging SDGs within the European Semester but to ensure policy coherence between them in this mechanism.
In conclusion, Ivy Moraes for Regions4 and Masha Smirnova for EUROCITIES recalled that the SDGs were more important than ever for EU policy-making and that it should not be a case of either or, but that the RRF should be based on SDGs. The commitment of regions and cities in keeping implementing SDGs is also key to ensure continuity on the work of SDGs, while clearly there is a need for the European Commission to take full responsibility and leadership on the SDGs. A joint EC-CoR Forum on the RRF could help foster cooperation between all government levels on a sustainable recovery. Likewise, the soon-to-be published Staff Working Document on the implementation of SDGs should link recovery and SDGs, assign clear responsibilities within the European Commission, and integrate the role of cities and regions in the localisation of SDGs.
Compliments of the European Committee of the Regions.