Today, May 9th, the European Union celebrates Europe Day to commemorate the day in 1950 when French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed consolidating the coal and steel industries of Europe, binding nations so closely together that renewed war would be unthinkable. The “Schuman Declaration” is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union of 28 Member States with half a billion people living in peace together.
While contributing to postwar economic recovery, this plan would also control the raw materials of war. The Schuman Declaration was regarded as the first step toward achieving a united Europe—an ideal that in the past had been pursued only by force.
May 9—Europe Day—is celebrated each year as the birth of today’s European Union.